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The Rumba was originally a marriage dance.
Many of its movements and actions which seem to have an
erotic meaning are merely depictions of simple farm tasks.
The shoeing of the mare, the climbing of a rope, the
courtship of the rooster and the hen, etc. It was done for
amusement on the farms by the black population of Cuba.
However, it became a popular ballroom dance and was
introduced in the United States about 1933. It was the
Americanized version for the Cuban Son and Danzon. It is in
4/4 time. The characteristic feature is to take each step
without initially placing the weight on that step. Steps are
made with a slightly bent knee which, when straightened,
causes the hips to sway from side to side in what has come
to be known as "Cuban Motion."